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It means the quality of relationships among the students and

buy canada goose jacket cheap buy canada goose jacket Here’s How To Prevent The Next School Shooting buy canada goose jacket cheap

After Parkland, there have been many calls to make schools a «harder target» for example, by arming teachers. But there’s a decent amount of research out there on what actually makes schools safer, and most of it doesn’t point to more guns.

On the Friday after the deadly shootings at Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School in Florida, Matthew Mayer, a professor at the Rutgers Graduate School of Education, got an email during a faculty meeting.

That email led to nearly two weeks of long days, Mayer says, for some of the cheap canada goose outlet Canada Goose leading experts in the field. On conference calls and in Google docs they shaped a concise, eight point «Call for Action To Prevent Gun buy canada goose jacket cheap Violence In The United States of America.»

About 200 universities, national education and mental health groups, school districts, and more than 2,300 individual experts have signed on to support this document in the weeks since.

Their topline message: Don’t harden schools. Make them softer, by Canada Goose online improving social and emotional health.

canada goose clearance «If we’re really talking about prevention, canada goose clearance sale my perspective is that we should go for the public health approach,» says Ron Avi Astor at the University of Southern California, who also canada goose clearance helped draft the plan. canada goose clearance

cheap Canada Goose A public health approach to disease means, instead of waiting for people to be rushed to emergency rooms with heart attacks or the flu, you go into the community: with vaccinations, screenings, fruits and vegetables, walking trails and exercise coaches. You screen and regulate environmental hazards, like a nearby polluting factory. You keep watch on reported cases of illness, to stop a new outbreak in its tracks. cheap Canada Goose

canadian goose jacket A public health approach to school shootings, Astor explains, would be much along the same lines. canadian goose jacket

Instead of waiting for people to, again, be rushed into emergency rooms, you go into the community with preventive resources. You do your best to lower the background levels of bullying and discrimination. You track the Canada Goose Jackets data and perform what is called «threat assessments» on potential risks.

uk canada goose outlet And, these experts say, you remove the major «environmental hazard» that contributes to gun violence: the guns. The eight point plan calls for universal background checks, a ban on assault style weapons, and something called Gun Violence Protection Orders: a type of emergency order that would allow police to seize a gun when there is an imminent threat. uk canada goose outlet

canada goose uk black friday What sets this call to action apart from other policy proposals is not http://www.canadagoosecanadaoutlet.com gun control, however, but the research based approach to violence prevention and response. This is a long haul, say canada goose the experts, not a quick fix. canada goose uk Canada Goose Outlet black friday

«No matter what you try to do by just hardening the target, we’ve learned that having the armed officers isn’t necessarily going to stop it,» says Matthew Mayer at Rutgers. «Having the metal detector or the locked doors isn’t going to stop it. The hard work is a lot more effort. You’d better start thinking in a more comprehensive manner about prevention instead of reacting.»

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School climate may sound fuzzy or abstract. It means the quality of relationships among the students and canada goose deals the adults in a school. It’s affected by the school’s approach to discipline and behavior, the availability of professionals like counselors and social workers, as Canada Goose sale well as any social emotional curriculum taught in the classroom.

School climate, in turn, affects students’ mental and emotional health and academic success. And research by Astor and others has canadian goose jacket consistently Canada Goose Parka found key factors that can make schools safer: cultivate social and emotional health, connect to community resources and respond, particularly, to troubled students.

Canada Goose Online Why does this matter? Well, for one thing, canada goose coats the very kids who bring weapons to school are more likely to report being bullied or threatened themselves. They may be fearful of gang violence and feel a need to protect themselves on the way back and forth to school. Canada Goose Online

canada goose uk outlet Or, they may be individually ostracized and aggrieved. This is true not just in the United States, says Astor, but in «Kosovo, Canada, Chile, Israel, the kids who bring weapons to school are reporting tons of victimization.» canada goose uk outlet

So, if you devote resources to shutting down bullying, discrimination and harassment, there is a chance to de escalate conflict before it starts.

And research shows that school climate measures really work. It’s what Astor refers to as the role of the witness.

canada goose store He again cites the example of California, which does a comprehensive annual survey. There, 20 to 30 percent of students above the elementary level consistently report seeing a weapon of some kind at school at least once during the year. That’s conservatively more than half a million students, just in that one state. canada goose store

Canada Goose Jackets Moreover, based on the survey, at least 125,000 of these students in California were actually threatened or injured by a weapon on school grounds. This includes things like knives and nunchuks as well as guns. Canada Goose Jackets

But what happens next?

canada goose black friday sale If that witness, or that victim, has a strong relationship with an adult, they are more likely to report being menaced by a weapon. Whereas, canada goose coats on sale if there is what Astor calls a «no snitching culture» in the school, or the witness fears for their safety, nothing will be done. canada goose canada goose store black friday sale

canada goose uk shop He says he’s not urging schools to punish or expel the kid who brought the weapon, but, instead, to use «education as an intervention.» canada goose uk shop

Canada Goose sale This approach is applicable not only for mass shootings, he says, but for violence that arises from disputes between students or when gang violence in the community spills onto school grounds. Canada Goose sale

Canada Goose Outlet And, he says preventing gun violence also means looking at suicide. Suicide is just behind homicide as a leading cause of death for teenagers. When a weapon comes to school, self harm may be the plan, and a school climate approach addresses that threat as well Canada Goose Outlet.

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